Andrew Jackson (1767 - 1845) was the 7th American President and served in office from 1829 - 1837 which is known as the Jacksonian Era. He was a Democrat and went against the grain of political conventions of his time. After his victory in the Battle of New Orleans, he pledged his own money to finance troop supply lines as they marched along the Natchez Trace back to Tennessee. His determination, combined with a willingness to suffer alongside his men, earned him the nickname: 'Old Hickory.' The Native Americans knew him by a different name, due to harsh treatment during negotiations of peace. They called him: 'Sharp Knife.'
During his Presidency in 1830, Jackson created: The Indian Removal Act, which was formally entitled: 'An Act to provide for an exchange of lands with the Indians residing in any of the states or territories, and for their removal west of the river Mississippi.'
The Indian Removal Act gave the federal government the power to force the relocation of any Native American Indian living east of the country to specially designed areas west of the Mississippi. This forced migration of 60,000 mostly Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Seminole and Chickasaw Indians between 1830 to 1840 is known as the Trail of Tears.